A statistical follow-up to the Statehood Plebiscite

Click on the thumbnails to see larger image of each precinct.

1) Column 1 are the image details of the 1959 Electoral Precinct Maps. Click to enlarge, This will give you an accurate reading to see how each district voted in hte 1959 Statehood Plebiscite.

2) Data tallied in column 2 are the” yes“, “no” and total votes from each precinct on Proposition One of Hawaii’s Statehood Plebiscite (Should Hawaii become a state or remain a territory), as recorded by the Office of Elections in the June 27, 1959, “Results of Votes Cast.” Precinct boundaries are in accordance with the Governor’s Proclamation dated June 26, 1957.

3) Between July 28, 1959 and the 1960 Census, there is a population difference of 10,685 (1.69%) as the population jumped from 622,087 to 632,772. The population listed for each district and precinct are in column 3 and is from the 1960 Hawaii Census. The 1959 population figure is from the State of Hawaii Data Book. Except for Honolulu County, the Census County Division on each map corresponds to the Election Precinct Boundaries. The district details of the population data are based on the 1960 Census.

4) In 1959, the minimum voting age in Hawaii was 20 years and the population of those 20 and older was 360,193. The U.S. Statistical Abstract lists 348,000 as being eligible to vote in Hawaii. I’ve included an additional 11,863 to factor in those who were 20 years old in 1959 and excluded from the Abstract. In Column 4 of this study, I discount an average of 56.9% of the total population as being ineligible to vote. It should be noted that the Armed Forces are counted as residents in both the State of Hawaii Data Book and the Census. According to the Data Book, there were 183,118 registered voters and voter turnout was 171,383. At 57.9% of the population, I estimate a total of 360,193 as being eligible to vote. I should also note that due to the opposing directions that birthdates and the 1.69% population growth pull this data, the “+”or “-” variable should remain neglible.

5) According to the 1960 Census, 202,230 (32%) residents are identified as white or Anglo-American, while 425,599 (67%) residents are listed as non-white and 4.943(.8%) are identified as African-American. There is no accounting for indigenous native Hawaiians or Kanaka Maoli. In column 5, I have inserted the Anglo-American/non-white index to highlight discrepencies in the voting pattern. Unfortunately, this is the only index that is broken up by precincts. Other indexes such as place-of–birth, education, income, or veteran status only assigns data to the general counties of Hawaii, Maui, Oahu and Kauai.

6) Interpreting two different sets of data on Armed Forces residency from the State of Hawaii Data Book (105,898 & 112,425), I’m indexing an average of 109,162 military personnel and their dependents in Hawaii in 1959, the military contributing to 17.55% of the population. Out of that 56,303 are dependents who are also counted as residents.

Column 1Column 2Column 3Column 4Column 5
Precinct MapsYes/No VoteVoter Eligibility% in favor
of statehood
Anglo/non-Anglo
breakdown
 
Island WideY / N / Total
132,773 / 7,971 / 140,744
360,193*39.6% participated in vote
36.8 voted for statehood
202,230 / 430,542

32% “white”

68% “non-white”
Precinct 1-5
District yes/no/total on proposition 1Population of Counties by Census County Divisions, 1960. Eligibility to vote data based on District or County data of those 20 years and older and measuring the percentage against the larger population.For voter eligibility, the population of each county is factored against those 20 years and older. The data estimates (~) resident population with voters from each precinct.Anglo-American/Non-white/African-American
Precinct 1
Hawaii
First Representative District of the first Senatorial District


1. 33/16/49
2. 27/7/34
3. 84/5/89
4. 323/8/331
5. 103/13/116
6. 353/18/371
7. 246/11/257
8. 564/42/606

Total:
1,733 / 120 / 1,853
 
Pahoa-Kalapana 1,326
Keaau Mountain View 3,704

Total population 5,030.
56% eligible to vote
~2,836 eligible to vote,
with 56% of precinct population voting.

59.50% in favor of statehood.
780 / 4,248

16% white

84% non-white
Precinct 2
Hawaii
Second Representative District of the First Senatorial District


1. 276/36/312
2. 46/29/75
3. 24/2/26
4. 487/59/546
5. 32/4/36
6. 67/2/69
7. 548/40/588
8. 238/11/249
9. 351/16/367
10 589/23/612
11. 487/20/507
12. 417/26/443
13. 378/24/402
14. 688/61/749
15. 503/45/548
16. 196/5/201
17. 381/32/413
18. 401/23/424
19. 912/44/956
20. 293/12/305
21. 257/18/275
22. 319/27/346.

Total:
10,644 / 612 / 11,256
 
Hilo 25,966
Papikou-Wailea 5,587

Total 31,553
55% eligible to vote
~17,613 eligible to vote,
with 63% of precinct population voting.

60% in favor of statehood.
6,343 / 25,210

20% white

80% non-white
Precinct 3
Hawaii
Third Representative District of the First Senatorial District


1. 129/10/139
2. 375/22/397
3. 198/5/203
4. 417/10/427
5. 70/1/71
6. 172/9/181
7. 571/34/605
8. 238/11/249
9. 122/1/123

Total:
2,268 / 110 / 2,378
 
North Hilo 2,493
Paahau Paauilo 2,324
Honoka’a Kukuihaele 2,897

Total 7,714
56% eligible to vote
~4,350 eligible to vote,
with 54% of precinct population voting,

52% in favor of statehood
1,766 / 5,943

15% white

75% non-white
Precinct 4
Hawaii
Fourth Representative District of the Second Senatorial District

1. 503/16/519
2. 400/18/418
3. 18/6/24
4. 57/4/61
5. 294/12/306
6. 923/28/951
7. 368/23/391
8. 309/13/322
9. 21/2/23

Total:
2,893 / 122 / 3,015
 
South Kona 4,292
Kau 3,368

Total 7,660
56% eligible to vote
~4,320 eligible to vote,
with 70% of precinct population voting.

67% in favor of statehood
702 / 6,954

9% white

91% non-white
Precinct 5
Hawaii
Fifth Representative District of the Second Senatorial District

1. 276/36/312
2. 46/29/75
3. 24/2/26
4. 487/59/546
5. 32/4/36
6. 67/2/69
7. 548/40/588
8. 238/11/249
9. 122/1/123

Total:
1,835 / 189 / 2,024
 
North Kohala 3,386
South Kohala 1,538
North Kona 4,451

Total 9,375
56% eligible to vote
~5,287 eligible to vote,
with 38% of precinct population voting

35% in favor of statehood
1,311 / 8,064

14% white

86% non-white
 
Precinct 6
Maui: Molokai, Lanai
Sixth Representative District of the Third Senatorial District

1. 529/14/543
2. 9/2/11
3. 185/5/190
4.568/33/601
5. 250/9/259
6. 174/7/181
7. 189/5/194**

Total:
1,904 / 75 / 1,979
 
West Molokai 2,514
East Molokai 2,230
Lanai 2,115

Total 6,949
41% eligible to vote
 
~2,849 eligible to vote,
with 69% of precinct population voting.

66% in favor of statehood
396 / 6,454

6% white

94% non-whitekalawao county (kalaupapa)
50/229
18% white
82% non-white
**Note: There are 279 residents counted in the 1960 census in Kalaupapa (7), a district of Kalawao County, which is separate from Maui county. 
Precinct 7
Maui
Seventh Representative District of the Third Senatorial District

1. 308/ 23 / 331
2. 193/ 15/ 208
3. 755/ 23/ 778
4. 536/ 24/ 560
5. 26/ 2/ 28
6. 639/ 31/ 670
7. 836/ 92/ 928
8, 763/ 29/ 792
9. 533/ 27/ 560
10. 232/ 12/ 244
11. 16/ 0/ 16
12. 1448/ 62/ 1510
13. 909/ 36/ 946
14. 355/ 26/ 381
15. 439/ 31/ 470
16. 655/ 43/ 698
17. 239/ 13/ 252
18. 640/ 69/ 709
19. 353/ 35/ 388
20. 41/ 4/ 45
21. 71/ 2 /73
22. 17/ 4/ 21
23. 233 /26 /259
24. 19/ 0/ 19
25. 21/ 5/ 26
26. 46/ 3/ 49
27. 491/ 42/ 533

Total:
12,718 / 754 / 13,472
 

Haiku-Pauwela 1,943
Hana 1,073
Kahului 4,223
Kihei 1,079
Kula 2,786
Lahaina 4,844
Makawao_Paia 5,680
Puunene 3,054
Sprecklesville 1,838
Waihee-Wakapu 2,228
Wailuke 6,969

Total 35,717
41% eligible to vote 
~14/643 eligible to vote,
with 92% of precinct population voting

86% in favor of statehood
6,919 / 28,782

19% white

81% non-white  
Precinct 8-17
 For Oahu

Total 500,409
57% eligible to vote
~285,233 eligible to vote,
with 34% of precinct populations voting

32% in favor of statehood
178,861 / 321,548

36% white

64% non-white
Precinct 8
Oahu: Windward side
Eighth Representative District of the Fifth Senatorial District

1. 1041/ 59/ 1100
2. 1093/ 90/ 1183
3. 657/ 63/ 720
4. 826/ 77/ 903
5. 973/ 49/ 1022
6. 981/ 51/ 1032
7. 1099/ 95/ 1194
8. 603/ 40/ 642
9. 590/ 20/ 610
10. 952/ 60/ 1012
11. 714/ 38/ 752
12. 476/ 48/ 524
13. 684/ 30/ 714
14. 358/ 23/ 381

Total:
11,047 / 743 / 11,790
 
Kailua-Lanikai 25,622
Kaneohe 14,414
Kahaluu 1,125
Kahuku 1,238
Laie 1,767
Waimanalo 3,011
Kaaawa 581
Hauula 806

Total 68,281
50% eligible to vote
~34,140 eligible to vote,
with 34% of precinct population voting.

32% in favor of statehood
31,646 / 36,022 / 613

46% white

53% non-white

1% african-american 
Precinct 9
Oahu: WahiawaNinth Representative District of the Fifth Senatorial District

1. 643/51/694
2.745/11/756
3. 1149/27/1176
4. 633/18/651
5. 933/35/968
6. 711/44/755

Total:
4,814 / 186 / 5,000
 
Wahiawa 15,512
Haleiwa 2,504
Waialua 2,689
Waipio Acres 1,158
Whitmore 1,820

Total 42,816
55% eligible to vote
~23,548 eligible to vote,
with 21% of precinct population voting.

20% in favor of statehood
21,417 /19,826 /1,373

41% white
45% non-white

14% african-american
Precinct 10
Oahu: Halawa-Waianae
Tenth Representative District of the Fifth Senatorial District1. 702/30/732
2. 593/34/627
3. 944/33/977
4. 317/27/344
5. 1664/62/1726
6. 1125/23/1148
7. 757/17/774
8. 45/7/52
9. 490/29/519
13.478/8/486
11. 385/8/393
12. 1135/58/1193
13. 864/30/894

Total:
9,499 / 366 / 9,865
 
Ewa 3,257
Ewa Beach 2,459
Nanakuli 2,745
Lualualei-Maile 5,045
Waianae-Makaha 6,844

Total 95,118
50% eligible to vote
 
~47,559 eligible to vote,
with 20% of precinct population voting.

20% in favor of statehood
45,524 / 48,221 /1,373

48% white

51% non-white

1% african-american

Honolulu Division

The following population data is cumulative of all the precincts 11-17 (Honolulu). The 1960 census data does not corelate with boundaries of the inter-metropolitan districts. 
Precinct 11
Oahu: Halawa-Kalihi
Eleventh Representative District of the Fifth Senatorial District

1. 430/19/449
2. 824/40/864
3. 678/29/707
4. 1020/41/1061
5. 632/14/646
6. 873/39/912
7. 735/40/775
8. 513/25/538
9. 569/31/600
13.503/12/515
11. 642/38/680
12. 376/16/392

Total:
7,792 / 346 / 8,138
 
Precinct 11-17
Honolulu 294,194

59% eligible to vote
Precinct 11-17
(71,439 voted)

~173,547 eligible to vote,
with 41% of precinct population voting.

38% in favor of statehood
108,833 / 242,503

31% white

69% non-white
Precinct 12
Oahu: Kapalama-Nuuanu
Twelfth Representative District of the Fifth Senatorial District

1. 605/39/644
2. 1103/35/1138
3. 820/17/837
4. 986/34/1020
5. 705/38/743
6. 592/29/621
7. 400/33/433
8. 218/17/235
9. 935/70/1005
10. 300/28/328

Total:
6,664 / 340 / 7,004
 
   
Precinct 13
Oahu: Kapalama -Sand Island -School St
Thirteenth Representative District of the Fourth Senatorial District

1. 819/39/858
2. 661/48/709
3. 584/20/604
4. 659/27/686
5. 864/48/912
6. 560/21/581
7. 404/8/412
8. 488/9/597
9. 448/14/462

Total:
5,487 / 234 / 5,721
 
   
Precinct 14
Oahu: Iolaini Palace – Ala Moana Park – Auwaiolimu
Fourteenth Representative District of the Fourth Senatorial District

1. 1192/115/1307
2. 497/16/513
3. 816/48/864
4. 397/27/424
5. 384/28/412
6. 450/27/477
7. 661/28/689
8. 407/25/432
9. 183/18/201
13.363/31/394
11. 169/14/183
12. 388/14/402
13. 973/25/998
14. 695/50/745
15. 687/22/709
16. 590/34/624
17. 721/57/778
18. 670/59/729

Total:
10,243 / 638 / 10,881
 
   
Precinct 15
Oahu: Ala Moana – Kapahulu – Manoa
Fifteenth Representative District of the Fourth Senatorial District

1. 775/86/861
2. 737/60/797
3. 478/63/541
4. 736/51/787/
5. 297/27324
6. 1154/63/1217
7. 1182/29/1211
8. 622/8/630
9. 530/11/541
13. 669/25/694
11. 504/92/596
12. 654/92/746
13. 735/68/803
14. 506/54/560
15. 471/54/525
16. 574/22/596
17. 766/35/801
18. 709/51/760
19. 765/30/795
20. 788/23/811
21. 1102/15/1117
22. 405/8/413
23. 425/85/510
24. 437/62/499

Total:
16,021 / 1,114 / 17,135
 
   
Precinct 16
Oahu: Diamond Head – Palolo
Sixteenth Representative District of the Fourth Senatorial District

1. 983/50/1033
2. 294/10/304
3. 572/24/596
4. 857/71/928
5. 889/39/928
6. 735/50/785
7. 1237/47/1284
8. 834/169/1003
9. 609/23/632
13.468/6/474
11. 498/33/531
12. 416/8/424
13. 587/15/602
14. 606/6/612
15. 555/25/580
16. 831/39/870

Total:
10,971 / 615 / 11,586
 
   
Precinct 17
Oahu: Kahala – Hanauma Bay
Seventeenth Representative District of the Fourth Senatorial District

1. 700/55/755
2. 955/44/999
3.779/56/835
4. 786/136/922
5. 76/13/589
6. 956/120/1076
7. 939/65/1004
8. 1044/106/1150
9. 588/50/638
10. 804/68/872
11. 312/37/349
12. 486/18/504
13. 568/61/629
14 634/91/725

Total:
10,104 / 870 / 10,974
 
   
Precinct 18
Kauai/ Niihau
Eighteenth Representative District of the Sixth Senatorial District

1. 18/70/88
2. 547/41/593
3. 685/40/725
4. 263/4/267
5. 469/23/492
6. 791/70/861
7. 1939/96/2035
8. 1689/110/1799
9. 124/8/132
10.182/12/194
11. 191/17/208
12. 430/22/452
13. 682/51/733

Total:
8,017 / 562 / 8,579

 
Eleele-Kalaheo 4,212
Hanalei 1,312
Kapaa 3,439
Kaumakani-Hanapepe 2,834
Kekaha-Waimea
Koloa -Poipu 2,800
Lihue 4,106
Niihau 254
Puhi Hanamaulu 2,191
Wailua-Anahole 3,059

Total 28,176
58% eligible to vote
~16,340 eligible to vote,
with 52% of precinct population voting.

49% in favor of statehood
5,102 / 23,074

18% white

82% non-white

*In 1959, the voting age was 20+ and looking at census statistics for age, that significantly decreases the percentage from 60% (381,859) to 57% (360,193)–as demonstrated in the previous analysis– a difference of 21,166 eligible voters.

Data compiled and assembled by Arnie Saiki with the help of a grant from the Hawaii People’s Fund.

Sources: 1960 Hawaii Census,
“State of Hawaii Data Book,”
Official Tabulation “Results of Votes Cast”, Office of Elections
1961 U.S. Statistical Abstract, “Citizens and population of voting age,” pg 360, chart no. 484.
University of Hawaii at Manoa, Government Documents/Maps